Jacob Maris and The Hague School
Like his two younger brothers, Willem Maris and Matthijs Maris, Jacob Maris (1837 – 1899) was a Dutch draughtsman, printmaker, and landscape painter of the Hague School, a group of artists who lived and worked in The Hague between 1860 and 1890. Their work was heavily influenced by the realist painters of the French Barbizon school.
Gray at The Hague
In 1875 critic Jacob van Santen Kolff, coined the name “Hague School”, using the phrases “a new way of seeing and depicting things”, “intent to convey mood, tone takes precedence over color”, “almost exclusive preference for so-called ‘bad weather’ effects”, and “gray mood.”(3)
The Hague School artists were less interested in a faithful portrayal of what they saw than in conveying the atmosphere and impression of the moment. Because of these goals, the artists painted in mostly in subdued colors, with a penchant for warm gray tones. (3)
What is the Oosterbeek School?
Oosterbeek, a village in the eastern part of Netherlands, birthed The Oosterbeek School. Between 1841 until 1870, artists opened the Pulchri Studio in The Hague , which led to the second Golden Age of Dutch painting. The group included artists Gerard Bilders, Paul Gabriël, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jacob Maris, Matthijs Maris, Willem Maris, Anton Mauve, Hendrik Mesdag, Willem Roelofs, and Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch. (4)
Maris Paints a Friend
According to Christie’s, Jacob Maris painted his friend and fellow artist Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer (1839-1902) in the rural village of Oosterbeek in Gelderland, which was “one of the favorite places of the young Hague School artists.”
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Slideshow best viewed At Sunnyside
- Jacob Maris (The Hague 1837-1899 Karlsbad)
- Dutch, The Hague School
- The painter Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer at work in Oosterbeek
- signed ‘J Maris’ (lower left)
- oil on paper laid down on panel
- 30 x 42 cm.
- Painted circa 1861-1862.
- Source: Christie’s
More Paintings by Jacob Maris
Some of my favorite paintings by Jacob Maris are not his landscapes, but his portraits and genre paintings of mothers and children. When I find high quality images, I will continue in a future post.
- Christie’s, Lot 251, Jacob Maris, The painter Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer at work in Oosterbeek, May 2016, https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/paintings/jacob-maris-the-painter-frederik-hendrik-ka-5997923-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=5997923&sid=9a616513-ab45-4696-b43d-670ab3846aab, (accessed 23 Nov 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Jacob Maris,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jacob_Maris&oldid=861294109 (accessed November 26, 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Hague School,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hague_School&oldid=806831972 (accessed December 3, 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Oosterbeek,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oosterbeek&oldid=848458407 (accessed December 3, 2018).
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