Who Is Jan Toorop?
Alongside Vincent van Gogh, Piet Mondrian, and Kees van Dongen, Jan Toorop is one of only a few Dutch artists from the turn of the 20th century to enjoy international fame and recognition. Born on the island of Java, which at the time was a Dutch colony, he came to Europe in 1869 to study in Leiden, La Haye and Delft. In 1880 he went on to take classes at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Amsterdam.Christie’s
Toorop Adopts New Techniques
His style soon changed again, taking on a symbolist aspect. In 1890 he went to live in the fishing village of Katwijk aan Zee. It was there that he painted the impressive Vloed (The Tide) early in 1891. This painting depicts a fisherman pulling his boat through a rough sea towards the shore in a true confrontation between man and nature. The undulating surface of the water, the waves and the foam are painted with such virtuosity, giving the rich pictorial surface an aspect reminiscent of some Art Nouveau motifs. The influence of both Paul Gauguin (a guest of Les XX in 1889 and 1891) and Japanese Ukiyo-e artists and their audacious framing (fig. 2) is strikingly apparent. These are further indications that Toorop was taking on board the theories of the artists around him and repeatedly calling his own work into question.Christie’s
Why Is “Vloed” Unique?
Vloed is unique within Toorop’s oeuvre; this 1891 painting bears witness to the artist’s development during that year. Although before 1891 his work had progressed from naturalistic treatment to the introduction of a hint of pointillism, Toorop breaks free of these movements in this exceptionally unique work before exploring Art Nouveau and the symbolism that would characterise his work from late 1891 onwards.Christie’s
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Best viewed At Sunnyside
- Vloed (1891)
- Jan Toorop
- signed (lower left); signed, numbered, titled and located ‘Vloed N.11 Jan Toorop Katwijk aan Zee’ (on a label on the reverse)
- oil on canvas
- 26 ½ x 29 7/8 in.
- Painted in Katwijk aan Zee in 1891
- Source: Christie’s
- Link: https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/paintings/johannes-theodorus-toorop-vloed-6132082-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=6132082&sid=ca608902-8bea-4120-8cfe-5bbca67f0f99unny
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