What did Van Gogh learn from Japanese prints?
“Van Gogh’s encounter with Japanese printmaking played a decisive role in the direction he took as an artist. During his time in Paris (1886–88), he became fascinated by ukiyo-e, nineteenth-century Japanese colour woodcuts, and began to collect them on a large scale.” (1)
Hiroshige’s ‘Flowering Plum Tree’
Hiroshige’s ‘Flowering Plum Tree’ is one of the most iconic images from his series. Van Gogh Museum writes, “The ancient plum tree … had the poetic nickname of ‘the sleeping dragon plum tree’, a name describing the branching via a network of underground roots emerging elsewhere above ground.”
According to Christie’s,
“the sky is beautifully rendered in a subtle gradient of white, pink and red, to stunning result. The garden belongs to the Kameido Tenjinsha sanctuary and the plum tree represented here was famous for its unusual shape. Known as Garyuume (resting dragon), it is mentioned in every guide of Edo, but was unfortunately lost during a flood in 1910. The tree is so described in the List of famous places in Edo: “It truly resembles a dragon laying on the ground. The branches intertwined seem to transform into a new trunk. The tree spreads to the left and right. The fragrance of its flowers eclipses that of the orchids, the vibrant white hue of the flowers, pressed tight against each other, ravishes the night.” (2)
Summary of Japanese Influences:
- Bright, flat areas of color
- Bold contour lines
- Prominent diagonals
- Subjects cut off at edge of painting
- Unique use of space: emphasis on foreground and background
- High or absent horizon
- Zooming up close on details of nature
Click for Image Detail
Vincent to his brother Theo from Arles, 15 July 1888
“All my work is based
to some extent on Japanese art…”
The Van Gogh Museum Exhibit
“With some sixty paintings and drawings by Van Gogh and a large selection of Japanese prints, the exhibition explores the extent of Van Gogh’s admiration for this form of art and the fundamental impact it had on his work.” — Van Gogh Museum
Find out more about Van Gogh and Japan at the Van Gogh Museum .
- Van Gogh Museum, Inspiration From Japan, https://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en/stories/inspiration-from-japan , (accessed 13 Nov 2018).
- Christie’s, “Japonisme”, Paris, 15 November 2018, Lot 62, Utagawa Hiroshiga (1797-1858) Kameido Ume Yashiki (Le jardin des pruniers à Kameido) de la série Meisho Edo hyakkei (Les Cent Vues d’Edo)., https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/prints-multiples/utagawa-hiroshige-6168752-details.aspx?from=salesummery&intObjectID=6168752&sid=3d7bd3a6-19d0-4c60-a301-e8eb7460baba , (accessed 13 Nov 2018).
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