Jacob Maris and The Hague School
Jacob Maris (1837 – 1899) was a Dutch draughtsman, printmaker, and landscape painter of the Hague School, like his two younger brothers, Willem Maris and Matthijs Maris. He is one of the most important Dutch landscape painters of the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The Hague School is a group of artists who lived and worked in The Hague between 1860 and 1890. Their work was heavily influenced by the realist painters of the French Barbizon school.
Gray at The Hague
In 1875 critic Jacob van Santen Kolff, coined the name “Hague School”, using the phrases “a new way of seeing and depicting things”, “intent to convey mood, tone takes precedence over color”, “almost exclusive preference for so-called ‘bad weather’ effects”, and “gray mood.”(3)
The Hague School artists were less interested in a faithful portrayal of what they saw than in conveying the atmosphere and impression of the moment. Because of these goals, the artists painted in mostly in subdued colors, with a penchant for warm gray tones. (3)
On to Antwerp and Paris
Many young artists who later became members of the Hague School were frustrated because art training at that time included mostly drawing, but not painting classes. Jacob Maris left the Hague Academy first to study in Antwerp, then to study with Ernest Hébert in Paris where he stayed from 1865 – 1871, sharing “a studio on the Rue Mercadet with Kaemmerer, as well as Adolphe Artz (1837-1890)” Christie’s (emphasis added is mine)
Maris Paints a Friend
According to Christie’s, Jacob Maris painted his friend and fellow artist Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer (1839-1902) in the rural village of Oosterbeek in Gelderland, which was “one of the favorite places of the young Hague School artists.” The essay continues,
A group of young landscape painters like Gerard Bilders (1838-1865), Johannes de Haas(1832-1908), Anton Mauve (1838-1888), Paul Gabriel (1828-1903) and his brother Willem Maris settled here to work after nature, the so-called Oosterbeekse School. Maris’ interest for landscape painting was awakened during his visits to the artist’s colony of Oosterbeek in 1859, 1860 and 1864.
Maris’ visits to the artist’s colony of Oosterbeek
in 1859, 1860 and 1864
awakened his interest in landscape painting.
“Preliminary sketches of the present work (previously in the collection of his brother Matthijs, see: Hefting, p. 121), have annotations by his brother Matthijs who confirms the painter is Kaemmerer and date the work 1861-1862. Jacob’s friendship with Kaemmerer was close and when Maris settled in Paris in 1865 (where he was to stay until 1871) he would share a studio on the Rue Mercadet with Kaemmerer, as well as Adolphe Artz (1837-1890).” Christie’s (emphasis added – mine)
What is the Oosterbeek School?
Oosterbeek is a village in the eastern part of Netherlands. The Oosterbeek School is known as the birthplace of Dutch Impressionism, along with the nearby village of Wolfheze. Art historians call this the ‘Barbizon of the North’. The school’s most successful period was from 1841 until 1870, during which time they established the Pulchri Studio in The Hague and opened the second Golden Age of Dutch painting and became the forerunners of the Modern art movement in the Netherlands. (4)
Artists who were part of the movement near Oosterbeek include Gerard Bilders, Paul Gabriël, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jacob Maris, Matthijs Maris, Willem Maris, Anton Mauve, Hendrik Mesdag, Willem Roelofs, and Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch. (4)
Click for Enlarged Detail:
- Jacob Maris (The Hague 1837-1899 Karlsbad)
- Dutch, The Hague School
- The painter Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer at work in Oosterbeek
- signed ‘J Maris’ (lower left)
- oil on paper laid down on panel
- 30 x 42 cm.
- Painted circa 1861-1862.
- Source: Christie’s
More Paintings by Jacob Maris
Some of my favorite paintings by Jacob Maris are not his landscapes, but his portraits and genre paintings of mothers and children. When I find high quality images, I will continue in a future post.
Thanks for Reading! 🙂
- Christie’s, Lot 251, Jacob Maris, The painter Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer at work in Oosterbeek, May 2016, https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/paintings/jacob-maris-the-painter-frederik-hendrik-ka-5997923-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=5997923&sid=9a616513-ab45-4696-b43d-670ab3846aab, (accessed 23 Nov 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Jacob Maris,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jacob_Maris&oldid=861294109 (accessed November 26, 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Hague School,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hague_School&oldid=806831972 (accessed December 3, 2018).
- Wikipedia contributors, “Oosterbeek,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oosterbeek&oldid=848458407 (accessed December 3, 2018).